Canola

Route

The Mediaeval road from Groningen to the Ems estuary, the ‘stadsweg’.

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Rapeseed field

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Stadsweg

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On the wierde Wirdum

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13th century church of Wirdum

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Freshly sown potato field before Loppersum

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Westerwijdwerdermaar (west-wood-wierde-stream)

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Former abbey church of Thesinge

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Rapeseed with watermill.

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Wierden in Middag

Route

The first wierde North-West of Groningen, Kleiwerd, a few metres high, along the remains of an old stream

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Former sea dike (until mid 19th century) along the Reitdiep.

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Dandelions are called paardebloem (horse flower) in Dutch

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Coffee in the renowned Café Hamming in Garnwerd.

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On the edge of the wierde of Ezinge. It used to decline gradually towards the farm, which is still somewhat elevated, but the very fertile soil was dug away in the 1920’s, fortunately under archaeological supervision.

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13th century church

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On the wierde Fransum …

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… the farmer there has built a Rustpunt (Rest Point) …

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… where you can have a coffee, tea, lemonade and a cookie.

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The farm is organic, and this one-day old calf stays with the mother.

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This wierde has its own church.

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This is the other farm on Fransum.

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Ramdevra Fair

Situated about 12 Kms to the north of Pokhran, the village of Ramdevra is known after Baba Ramdev, a Tanwar Rajput and a saint who took Samadhi (conscious exit from the mortal body) in 1458 A. D.

He had miraculous powers and his fame reached far and wide. Legend goes that five Pirs(saints) from Mecca came here to test his power and after being convinced, paid their homage to him.

Since then he is venerated by Muslims also as Ram Shah Pir. The Hindus regard him as an incarnation of Lord Krishna.

Near the village, there is a tank known as Ramsar tank which is believed to have been constructed by Baba Ramdev himself.

A large step well, the Parcha Baori is also situated nearby.

Baba Ram Dev believed in the equality of all human beings, both high and low, rich and poor.

He helped the down-trodden by granting them their wishes.

Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner constructed a temple around the Samadhi in 1931 A.D. Rice, coconuts, churma and wooden horses (toys) are offered to Ramdevji by the devotees.

A large fair is held here from Bhadon Sudi 2 to Bhadon Sudi 11 (Aug – Sept) which is attended by lakh of devotees who come in large groups from far and wide.

Irrespective of their caste, creed or religious affiliations, these devotees throng the shrine dedicated to the saint.

These groups organise night long singing of bhajans and kirtans to pay homage to Baba.

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Acquiring the data for the Portolan chart analysis

We acquired the data of the analysis of the Dulcert 1339 Portolan Map in the following way:

Locations were identified on an image of the map (this is the neighbourhood of Genoa)

Those locations were marked in Google Earth:

Here a detail

From those markers the coordinates are copied. For the copy process Google Earth gives the coordinates in an XML format on the PC’s clipboard:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<kml xmlns=”http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2&#8243; xmlns:gx=”http://www.google.com/kml/ext/2.2&#8243; xmlns:kml=”http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2&#8243; xmlns:atom=”http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom”&gt;
<Folder>
<name>Portolaan</name>
<open>1</open>
<Placemark>
<name>Ventimiglia</name>
<Point>
<coordinates>7.601403,43.790505,0</coordinates>
</Point>
</Placemark>
<Placemark>
<name>San Remo</name>
<Point>
<coordinates>7.776990999999999,43.814689,0</coordinates>
</Point>
</Placemark>
<Placemark>
<name>Taggia (Fora di Taggia rm)</name>
<Point>
<coordinates>7.859868,43.831383,0</coordinates>
</Point>
</Placemark>
<Placemark>
<name>Capo Mele</name>
<Point>
<coordinates>8.173166,43.955039,0</coordinates>
</Point>
</Placemark>
<Placemark>
<name>Albenga (Fiume Centa rm)</name>
<Point>
<coordinates>8.221926,44.041946,0</coordinates>
</Point>
</Placemark>
<Placemark>

Those coordinates are pasted into the Portolan program, where each plotted location gets a moveable dot, that can be dragged to the position where it is drawn on the map. Previously plotted places provide an approximate projection that puts the places already in the right neighbourhood based on their true geographical coordinates.

This gives us the positions in pixels relative to the lower left corner of the image (columns X and Y).

The whole image has a size of 9112 x 6477 pixels.

and 1015 individual places, shown as green dots above, were identified and plotted bij Jeff van Hout in this project that was initiated on his Mediaeval History discussion site of Nifterlaca

http://www.nifterlaca.nl/read.php?3,17477,17699#msg-17699

And here are those 1015 places on Google Earth